What Does a Lawyer Do?

Lawyers are highly respected members of society and are a sought-after profession. However, the career comes with its share of challenges, including high levels of stress and competition, and ethical issues.

Governments, professional associations of lawyers and educational institutions should ensure that lawyers can exercise their functions without hindrance or intimidation and in accordance with recognized professional standards and ethics. For more information, click the Ask The Law Doc – Gershon Willoughby & Getz to proceed.

A lawyer’s representation of a client is subject to certain limitations. These limitations are not intended to limit a lawyer’s ability to act on behalf of a client. Instead, these limitations are meant to ensure that a client is represented fairly and effectively by an attorney who has the skill and expertise to represent them in accordance with ethical standards.

At the outset of a representation, clients should understand the scope and limitations of their lawyer’s services. The lawyer should also explain that a client may limit the scope of representation by agreement. However, the limitation must be reasonable under the circumstances. For example, a lawyer cannot agree to represent a client for a brief telephone consultation if the time allotted would not be sufficient to yield advice upon which the client could rely.

Clients often disagree with their lawyers about the means to be employed to accomplish a client’s objectives, such as litigation versus settlement. It is the lawyer’s responsibility to communicate such disagreements to the client and seek a mutually acceptable resolution. If a compromise is not possible, the lawyer should withdraw from the representation, subject to Rule 1.16.

It is not uncommon for a lawyer to be retained by multiple clients with related legal issues, such as husband and wife in a divorce proceeding or two corporations in a commercial dispute. While it is not always possible to resolve conflicts of this nature, clients should be advised at the outset of the common representation that the lawyer will share information with one another and that a conflict might arise if, for example, a client’s business secret is revealed to the other client.


The research conducted by lawyers is vital to the success of their cases. This process includes analyzing the facts of the case, reviewing the legal issues and finding relevant laws. It is also important to determine the best way to conduct the research and identify the sources of information. Legal professionals can use a variety of different resources for their research, including free online tools and paid online services. Using law practice management software with a dedicated legal research tool is a great way to streamline the entire process.

When conducting legal research, it is important to consider the context of the question. For example, legal research may be necessary to support a particular argument in court or to draft pleadings. The lawyer must be aware of the purpose of the research in order to evaluate the information collected. It is also important to understand the legal issue at hand and the potential counter arguments.

A good legal researcher is able to find the appropriate information quickly and accurately. To do this, they should start with a primary source such as a court decision or statute. This is the most authoritative step in the legal research process. Then they should check for a secondary source that cites the primary source. This allows them to see whether the case has been questioned or overturned by other cases.

The research process can be time-consuming and requires a thorough understanding of the issue at hand. However, with the help of technology solutions, such as digital research tools and predictive analytics, it is becoming easier to manage the process efficiently. This has resulted in legal research becoming a promising managed service for modern law firms.

Document Preparation

Lawyers must prepare legal documents such as contracts, pleadings and wills that accurately reflect their clients’ intentions and comply with laws and regulations. Document preparation work also includes researching and interpreting laws, rulings and regulations for individuals and businesses and developing strategies to manage or resolve legal matters.

Some lawyers specialize in a particular field of law while others may practice broadly. Both kinds of lawyers prepare a variety of documents. Lawyers also analyze the strengths and weaknesses of cases, select jurors and argue motions and other court proceedings.

Lawyers may have a wide range of other duties, including counseling clients, managing their affairs and performing research. They are also responsible for filing legal documents with courts and other government agencies. They must keep meticulous records and file reports, which may require lengthy analyses of complex issues.

Depending on the nature of their cases, lawyers must use a variety of technological tools to perform their jobs. Most use computers to access legal literature and to prepare case materials. They also employ software programs that automate some tasks and assist in finding legal precedents. Lawyers are increasingly relying on electronic filing systems, Web and videoconferencing technology, mobile electronic devices and voice-recognition technology.

For tasks that don’t require a lawyer’s presence, some lawyers rely on legal assistants who are certified as Legal Document Preparers (CLDP). These professionals have official state government credentials to prepare legal documents for an array of different purposes. However, they don’t have the full knowledge of all areas of law that a licensed attorney would. For this reason, a CLDP is usually used for specific types of legal tasks such as real estate transactions.


The negotiation process is a form of dispute resolution that allows parties to reach agreements outside the court system. Lawyers participate in negotiations on behalf of clients to reach settlements or resolutions that meet their client’s objectives and concerns. Lawyers must remain professional during the negotiation process and comply with ethical standards, including the duty to maintain confidentiality and act in their clients’ best interests.

Negotiation can take place in a face-to-face meeting between attorneys, over the telephone or through written offers and counteroffers. Most experienced negotiators agree that the most successful outcomes come from a combination of all three methods, with attorneys meeting face-to-face when possible. This enables them to judge their opponent not only by what is said, but also by body language and demeanor. It also allows them to present visual or other sensory evidence, such as a jar of effluent from a chemical plant, to support their position.

Before a negotiation begins, attorneys must prepare an agenda and determine ground rules to be agreed upon by both sides. It is helpful for lawyers to communicate these in a letter to their opponents prior to the actual negotiation so that if either side objects, they can state their concerns and suggest how to proceed.

A well-prepared attorney must understand and appreciate the other side’s priorities in order to design a resolution that is mutually beneficial. However, it is important to recognize that there are issues or questions that simply cannot be negotiated. A defendant in a criminal antitrust case, for example, may refuse to negotiate over a plea deal unless he receives treble damages, or a party to a divorce action will insist that custody of children is nonnegotiable.


Although you may be accustomed to seeing lawyers in black gowns making arguments in court, advocacy work encompasses a vast array of activities. In general, it means supporting or defending the interests of a person, group or enterprise. This can include filing claims, pursuing or defending against claims from others and persuading authorities to act in favour of the individual or entity in question.

This includes presenting and arguing their clients’ case in court proceedings, including examining witnesses and presenting written and oral legal submissions. In addition, advocates conduct in-depth research into relevant laws, statutes and case law to strengthen their arguments and provide accurate advice.

Advocates also negotiate and draft contracts and other legal documents to ensure that they meet legal requirements. For example, a company may need help in the negotiation of a business deal with a competitor or in drafting employment agreements for new hires. An advocate would be able to explain the legal implications of these deals, as well as help negotiate fair terms and conditions that are in the company’s best interest.

When it comes to promoting the interests of their clients, advocates must be able to clearly communicate in writing and verbally. Moreover, they should be able to tailor their communication style depending on the audience. For instance, a judge may require a more formal and concise approach to their argument, while employees and clients will need a more empathetic and approachable manner. This is because they are more likely to trust someone they feel comfortable with and understand. It also helps them make their arguments more compelling and convincing.